Mini Vietnam-Made Submarines By the State and Private Sector
Commentary: Vietnamese nation has known war more than peace time. It is ironic that Vietnam’s technology in modern weaponry is century backward compared to other nations even North Korea is far more advanced in its ballistic missiles, submarines, and satellites. The curiosity and passion of developing submarine made by Vietnam has not escaped the interest of Vietnamese scientists or researchers.
However, there is a big difference between the results of the mini submarine developed by the State and private entrepreneur.
Mr. Phan Bội Trân, French-trained engineer, has returned to Vietnam after his retirement in France and has devoted his efforts with the cooperation of Vietnam’s Navy in developing submarine capability since 2010. The mini submarine Yết Kiêu was successfully developed and tested as a toy submarine in 2010. One should applaud the efforts and ingenuity of Mr. Phan Bội Trân in developing a mini submarine which can only fit for one person. After 3 years of efforts and with the cooperation of the State, not great improvement has been noticed. The so-called submarine runs on batteries.
Mr. Nguyễn Quốc Hòa is both an engineer and entrepreneur and has been passionate about developing a submarine. Thanks to his passion and the freedom of being a private owner of a Mechanical Factory, he has been able to develop Air-independent propulsion (AIP) technology, which allows a non-nuclear submarine to operate without the need to access atmospheric oxygen. Furthermore, his submarine Trường Sa looks more like a mini submarine and has great potential of becoming a reality, which would help in several sectors such as tourism, fishery, and defense. The defense and the navy departments have visited Mr. Nguyễn Quốc Hòa to inspect his invention and his cooperation with the military is a “must” before its invention can become a reality. Any testing in the lake, river and sea will need government’s permission. One should commend both Mr. Phan Bội Trân and Mr. Nguyễn Quốc Hòa for their scientific contribution to the nation. The State-sponsored submarine project has produced a submarine toy Yết Kiêu, whereas a private developer has made submarine Trường Sa a mini submarine with full potential if the State allows it.
One should commend both Mr. Phan Bội Trân and Mr. Nguyễn Quốc Hòa for their scientific contribution to the nation. The State-sponsored submarine project has produced a submarine toy Yết Kiêu, whereas a private developer has made submarine Trường Sa a mini submarine with full potential if the State allows it. The moral story of the two projects illustrates how State-lead economy is detrimental to society, whose welfare depends all the individuals to pursue their aspirations.